The following guidance applies to the definition of any kind of abbreviation, including the abbreviation for a group author. When you first use a term that you want to abbreviate in the text, present both the full version of the term and the abbreviation. The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. When the full version of a term appears for the first time in a heading, do not define the abbreviation in the heading; instead define the abbreviation when the full version next appears.
), and many statistical abbreviations. When the full version of a term first appears in a sentence in the text, place the abbreviation in parentheses after it. If you use the abbreviation only one or two times, readers may have difficulty remembering what it means, so writing the term out each time aids comprehension. English Jan. Feb. Mar. Do not define the following kinds of abbreviations: Define all other abbreviations. After you define an abbreviation, use only the abbreviation. When the full version of a term first appears in parenthetical text, place the abbreviation in square brackets after it. May, June, and July ar… © 2020 American Psychological Association, 750 First St. NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242, Telephone: (800) 374-2721; (202) 336-5500, (i.e., posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]), time abbreviations used with numerical values (e.g., 5 hr, 30 min). What is the proper way to abbreviate the word “month”? Use abbreviations in headings only if the abbreviations have been previously defined in the text or if they are listed as terms in the dictionary. In some documents it is common to see just “m”. If a citation accompanies an abbreviation, include the citation after the abbreviation, separated with a semicolon.
Most abbreviations must be defined (explained) in an APA Style paper upon first use. Do not alternate between spelling out the term and abbreviating it. Do not use nested or back-to-back parentheses. You need to condense your APA citations as much as possible. (plural mos.). It will remain online until 2021, but will not be updated. Please note: Abbreviations used on this page denote common usage unrelated to documenting sources. Find out what is the most common shorthand of Month on Abbreviations.com! MM and M are usually used in date formats like MM/DD/YY. When documenting sources using MLA style, the months with four or fewer letters, e.g. abbreviations in APA Style—specifically, how to use acronyms, which are abbreviations made up of the first letters of each word in a phrase. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Belorusian Use abbreviations sparingly and only when they are well-defined, … The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here. Abbreviations Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. Note: This page reflects APA 6, which is now out of date. When documenting sources using MLA style, the months with four or fewer letters, e.g. APA STYLE 7th Edition Abbreviations Guide Abbreviations see Publication Manual Sections 6.24-6.26 on using and defining abbreviations • An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Therefore, it is important that you understand the basic guidelines and rules applied in abbreviations supported by the APA style to offer your readers the necessary reference information. m’th m-th mo. When documenting sources using APA style, no abbreviations are used, all months are spelled out in full.
Do not use nested parentheses. The equivalent APA 7 page can be found here.. Most abbreviations must be defined in an APA Style paper upon first use. Unfortunately, there is no only proper way. May, June, and July are not abbreviated, the remaining months Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov. and Dec. are abbreviated. In APA, abbreviations should be limited to instances when a) the abbreviation is standard and will not interfere with the reader’s understanding and b) if space and repetition can be greatly avoided through abbreviation. If an abbreviation has appeared in the abstract as well as the text, define it on first use in both places. Abbreviations in Citations . Click a question below to jump straight to its answer. Consider it an FAQ about abbreviations! Looking for the abbreviation of Month? Definition of abbreviation is covered in Section 6.25 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition. It all depends on context: mth (plural mths) is most popular. Do not define the following: abbreviations listed in the dictionary, measurements, time abbreviations used with numerical values (5 hr, 30 min), Latin abbreviations (et al., i.e., e.g., etc. This guidance is the same as in the 6th edition. You can find abbreviations discussed in the Publication Manual in section 4.22 (starting on p. 106). This case is an exception to the guideline to use an abbreviation at least three times in a paper if you use it at all. If you abbreviate a term, use the abbreviation at least three times in a paper. Some kinds of abbreviations do not need to be defined or explained in an APA Style paper because they are so common that readers are sure to be familiar with them. However, it is also important to consider overall level of use of abbreviations in a paper to ensure you are using neither too many nor too few abbreviations. However, a standard abbreviation for a long, familiar term is clearer and more concise even if it is used fewer than three times. Although some may be familiar to your readers (e.g., “RT” for reaction time or “ANOVA” for analysis of variance), other readers not familiar with these terms will benefit from having the abbreviations explained. Avoid both the overuse and underuse of abbreviations.
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